ISG Postdoctoral Fellow Tiago Saralva and ISG Faculty Norton Wise published “Autarky/Autarchy: Genetics, Food Production, and the Building of Fascism” in Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences.

Excerpt: There is a large body of literature discussing fascism as a widespread phenomenon and as an historical concept in its own right.  As “the major political doctrine of the world-historical significance created during the twentieth century”, in the words of its historical sociologist Michael Mann, fascism is undoubtedly an essential part of the European modernity.  Although ever developed nation in the world with a degree of political democracy had some form of fascist movement in the interwar period, the vast majority of European countries went a step further in their relationship with fascism.  In addition to the touchstone cases of Italy and Germany, there were the political regimes of the Dolfuss in Austria, Horthy in Hungry, Antonescu in Romania, Metaxas in Greece, Petain in France, Franco in Spain, and Salazar in Portugal.